Heat flow meter

Thermal conductivity is a measurement of a materials ability to conduct heat and can be critical for evaluating energy efficiency and thermal performance of materials. The HFM-100 Heat Flow Meter is designed as an easy-to-use method for the measurement of thermal conductivity and thermal resistance of insulation products, construction materials, packaging, and assemblies. Available at an exceptional value, the Thermtest HFM has been engineered for industry-leading performance by combining the highest accuracy, repeatability, and widest temperature range possible, and follows international standards: ASTM C518, ISO 8301, and EN 12667.

hfm-100 Specification

Following international standards, the HFM 100 is designed for testing both homogeneous and heterogeneous materials.
The HFM 100 sample size allows for representative testing of materials typically found in insulation and construction industries.

MaterialsInsulation, Solids, and Textiles
Type of SensorsFlux Sensors (x 2)
Surface ThermocouplesThree for each flux sensor
ApplicationsGeneral Testing
Thermal Conductivity Range0.002 to 0.5 W/mK (0.001 to 3.5 BTU/(hr·ft·°F))
Specific Heat CapacityOptional
High Thermal Conductivity KitUp to 2.5 W/m•K (17.3 BTU/(hr·ft·°F))
Measurement Time30 to 40 min
Reproducibility± 0.5 to 1%
Accuracy*± 1 to 2%
Plate Temperature Range†-20 to 70°C (-4 to 158˚F)
Maximum Sample SizeUp to 300 x 300 x 100 mm (12 x 12 x 4 in)
StandardASTM C518, ISO 8301, and EN 12667

Method is continually improved; specifications are subject to change without prior notice.
*Performance verified with NIST 1450D / 1450E.

Chilled circulator required

Accuracy & Repeatability of the Heat Flow Meter Method

Heat Flow Meter Method

A sample of NIST SRM 1450d was repeatedly tested to confirm the accuracy and repeatability of the HFM 100. Prior to each of the 20 measurements, the NIST 1450d sample was removed, and then placed back within the HFM 100 chamber. The certified thermal conductivity for the NIST piece at 20˚C (68˚F) is 0.03239 W/m•K (0.2246 BTU/(hr·ft·°F)). The average thermal conductivity value received from all 20 tests was 0.0325 W/m•K (0.2253 BTU/(hr·ft·°F)). All tests had a repeatability within 0.5%, and an accuracy within 1% of the certified value.

hfm-100 Highlights

Measurement of Heat Flux

Measurement of Heat Flux

A heat flux sensor is a thermopile sensor, consisting of thermocouple junctions arranged uniformly across the sensor surface. Each individual junction generates an electrical voltage, proportional to the difference in temperature across the hot and cold junctions of the thermocouple. For accurate measurements of heat flux, one flux sensor with three surface thermocouples is integrated into the surface of each testing plate of the HFM. This intimate contact reduces the level of calibration required, resulting in improved test results.

Temperature Control

Thermoelectric Peltier elements are used to heat and cool the HFM testing plates. A thermoelectric element is a solid-state active heat pump which transfers heat from one side of the device to the other, with consumption of electrical energy, depending on the direction of the current. This flexibility allows the user to easily change heating, and cooling direction, to best match their testing application, at a temperature resolution of <0.01°C (0.018°F). Each plate contains multiple high power thermoelectric modules, matched with a surface thermocouple, and smart temperature control to optimize the speed, and accuracy of the plate temperatures.

Temperature Control
Thickness Measurement

Thickness Measurement

Accurate sample thickness is optimal for determining thermal resistance of a material with the measurement of thermal conductivity. The HFM-100 system features the advantage of either an automatic determination of sample thickness, for rigid materials, or a user defined sample thickness, for compressible materials. Sample thickness is measured using digital optical encoder technology. Four encoders are positioned at each corner of the top sample plate. Multi-position encoder placement ensures the most accurate (< 0.05 mm / 0.0019 in) measurement of sample thickness, and in the end, thermal resistance for materials being measured.

Versatile Operation

The HFM-100 offers users two versatile and convenient methods of operation—run your measurements independently using the integrated front control panel, or by using the feature packed Windows based HFM-100 software included with each system. The simple to use software offers additional features over the front panel operation, including unlimited steps of temperature automation when testing, and additional functions like saving, exporting, and printing measurement results. With front panel control, users can automate up to five steps of temperature when making measurements, or unlimited steps with the HFM software. HFM results are conveniently available in both SI, and Imperial Units of measure.

Versatile Operation
Clamping Control

Clamping Control

For rigid materials, plates automatically clamp together for optimum contact between sample and heat flux sensors. For compressible materials, the desired height of the sample may be entered manually and the plate will automatically stop at the entered sample height.

Reference Materials

Every HFM-100 system comes complete with one Standard Reference Material (SRM) from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). SRM 1450e- Fibrous Glass-Board is certified for thermal conductivity from 6.85 to 66.85 ̊C (44.33 to 152.33 ̊F), and is available in a thickness of 25 mm (1 in). Additionally available is SRM 1453 – Expanded Polystyrene Board is certified for thermal conductivity from 7.85 to 39.85 ̊C (46.13 to 103.73 ̊F), and is available in a thickness of 12.5 mm (0.5 in). In addition to NIST Standard Reference Materials, Thermal Transfer Standards (TS) can be developed by Thermtest, for specialized testing applications.

Reference Materials

Sample Measurements

heat flow meter sample


The Sample

The sample should be between 150 mm,and 300 mm square (6 in to 12 in square), and have parallel surfaces. Sample height is automatically measured by the HFM-100; however for compressible materials, desired sample thickness can be manually entered for predetermined testing thickness.

Approximate Time: 1 minute

insert the sample in hfm-100


Insert Sample

Place the sample between the HFM-100’s parallel testing plates. For smaller samples or samples of differing shapes from the testing chamber, place the sample within the center of the lower plate, positioned directly over the heat flux sensor.

Approximate Time: 1 minute

hfm-100 Close Plates


Close Plates

The top plate automatically lowers for rigid samples or to a predetermined thickness for compressible samples. For added accuracy when testing rigid samples, the top plate makes a short confirming movement for optimum contact, and measurement of thickness. Additionally, this short movement will also compensate for any issue with sample flatness.

Approximate Time: 1 minute

hfm-100 run experiments


Run Experiment

A single mean temperature or steps of temperature may be selected for an automated testing routine. Testing can be performed in either quality control (20 to 30 min) or high accuracy (30 to 60 min) modes for test times which best fit your application. Once testing is complete, results can be saved, printed, or exported to Microsoft Excel for further processing.

Approximate Time: 1 minute

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